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Etymology of "chur" word

"Chur" [Tchoor] word has three meanings, so check it once again:

Hello, my friend!
If you searched for the "chur" [tchoor] word, and asked "chur - what it does mean?" or "chur word meaning", you just found the right place! Why? Because "chur" word has three meanings, and here you can find all of them just now in one minute!

1. The first meaning of "Chur" word is the name of an ancient Slavic god. You can find a basic information about that god (and his influences to Slavic culture) right here, on Etymology page. You can also find an interesting info about his name as a part of Slavic protecting magic (and you can use it too, if you want :-).

2. Another meaning of "Chur" word is the name of Ukrainian Folk Rock & Folk Metal band. Because of that name and of a strong Ukrainian folklore roots in lyrics, Chur also called a Pagan Folk Metal band. And you're on the official website of the band now. Here you can listen, download for free or buy any kind of Chur music in mp3, ogg, wave, flac and many other formats. Also you can download for free wallpaper, ringtones, NKI instruments and even download, install and play The The Dark Saga mod for Gothic II: Night of the Raven game with Chur voice of main character.

3. And the third meaning of "Chur" word is the name of the oldest town of Switzerland in Graubünden canton. And if you searching for a touristic information, such as "chur burger", hotel chur", "restaurant chur", "bus chur" etc., you can find it on that website.

But if you need the info about Slavic meaning of "chur" word, you can read this article.
Comments of the translator
Trying to make an appropriate translation of the following information I came to conclusion I should say that a word “CHUR” is rather versatile term which may represent different parts of speech (where appropriate), such as: a noun, a proper noun, a verbal noun, an adverb, a pronoun, a verb and an interjection. It may be an abstract concept, a mythological character, his name or just an idol/an image of other Slavonic Gods, a circumlocution, an esoteric phenomenon, and even a tangible thing. That’s why in different cases I use or do not use capitalization, use definite and indefinite articles or do not use them at all. A spell ago I fell on the idea to investigate this phenomenon in the field of linguistics and in the course of time I‘ll write an article about it and publish it enlisting the support of stakeholders.

Translation into English and comments by AR

Zbruch Idol in Kiev photo
A Russian historian V.O. Kljuchevskiy (1841-1911) described burial places of the Slavs in this way: "A deified ancestor was honoured under a name of Chur (pronounced as “tchoor”) or Shchoor in the Slavonic Orthodox Church variant. This variant survived till now in a complex word “Prashchur” (a forefather, an ancestor). The significance of this grandfather-progenitor as a custodian-protector of his kinsfolk remained till now in an incantation against evil forces or unexpected danger: “Chur menya!”, i.e. “Grandfather, protect me!”. Protecting relatives from any evil a Chur preserved their patrimonial property also... We still denote an infringement of a boundary, an appropriate border, a legal measure using a word "chereztchoor" (over/across Chur = excessively, that's too much, that's going too far!)...

***

Researchers of the XIXth century added one more patrimonial deity Chur to the Slavonic pantheon. A.N. Afanasiev defined him as a deity of fire flaring in the hearth, as a protector of patrimonial property, as almost a house-spirit (a brownie, a goblin). A famous historian V.O. Kljuchevskiy echoed him: "A deified ancestor was honoured under a name of a Chur... Protecting relatives from any evil a Chur preserved their patrimonial property also".

***

For our Pagan ancestors he was a deity not of the high rank, however his name is still well known and honoured everywhere. He was respected as a patron and a keeper of land possession borders. On boundaries of the plots tillers raised mounds fencing them with palisade, and nobody was courageous to dig such a mound for fear of enraging the deity. A borderland was considered to be inviolable, and nobody could cross it wilfully. In the certain days a head of family passed around his estate on this line whipping up sacrificial animals ahead, singing hymns and bringing gifts to the deity; here, large stones or wood trunks carrying the names of terms were put at some distance from each other. Hot coals, bread grains, round loaves, fruits, were put, honey and wines were spilt to a hole of the affirmed term. Here everything was dependent on Chur, and this place, where he predominated, and sometimes even came into view, got a mysterious initiation, so hostile spirits did not dare to cross boundaries of patrimonial estates. An image of Chur himself had started to put on boundaries later on. Chur was personified in a wooden image in a round shape, a short little stump a hand thick. Conventional signs designating owners of this or that plot were carved on it. Such stumps had kept its ancient name in the known extant words: “churbak” (pronounced as “tchoor-buck” = block, billet of wood), “churban” (pronounced as “tchoor-bun” = chump, chunk), “churka” (pronounced as “tchoor-car” = chock), “churbashka” (pronounced as “tchoor-bar-sh-car”). (“Encyclopaedia of Russian Legends” for PC)

***

Chur is a name of an ancient Slavonic God; the name is conserved in use up to now. Chur was a patron of underground possessions, any property, and he was a protector of houses against evil spirits, that is why if you find something, you should say: “Chur, moyo!” (Chur, it belongs to me!), and if somebody says something unpleasant, it is necessary to avoid (zachurat’sya): “Chur tebe na yazyk!” (Let Chur be put on your tongue! = Curse that tongue of yours!). And if you are frightened or if you see something awful, certainly, a Christian should cross himself, but also it makes sense to mention the ancient Chur saying: “Chur menya, chur!” (Chur, protect me! = Evil spirits, keep away from me! = (slang) Bags I!).

***

CHUR – a noun, masculine gender, archaism: a verge, a border, a boundary, a frontier; a balk; and in use until now as:
|| an edge, a limit, a measure. Не ступай за чур, за черту – Don’t cross the chur (a line). Не лей, через чур – Don’t pour, it overflows; это чересчур много, мало – it’s too much, too little; против нужного, должного – that won’t do! По чур наше! – That’s mine up to this border/line!
|| in Arkhangelsk region: a shoal with coarse sand and fine gravel, a spit, a ridge; Novgorod region: chura (tschoora), gravel, coarse sand, gruss.
|| Chur as an adverb and an interjection expresses a condition, an agreement, a prohibition, a requirement making something a rule, a law, a criterion, a limit. “Чур меня!” (Chur, protect me!) in games means “do not touch me, I’m apart”. “Чур меня от него!” (Chur, protect me from it/him! or “Chur, take it/him away from me!”) in Novgorod and Smolensk regions “не хочу его” – “I do not want it/him”. “Чур молчать!” – “Chur, make him/her silent/shut up!”. “Чур пополам” – “In the name of Chur, let’s take half each!” is said about a find. “Чур одному” – “Chur, give it to the only person!”, the same: “Цур ему” in South regions: “ну его, чур с ним”. “Чура!” in Tver’ region "Chur, make him stop!” or “don’t touch me anymore” in games. A verb “чурать” means “to shout "chur!"” stipulating what you want”. “Чурай скорее находку, поколе кто не увидал!” – “Shout “chur!” about a find, until somebody sees!”. To avoid, to be protected by a word “chur”, to protect oneself saying “chur!”. “Чурайся от вражьей силы” – “Protect yourself from evil spirits saying “Chur!””. “Черти круг да чурайся, кричи: “чур меня!”” – “Draw a circle and shout “Chur menya!””
|| “Быть чураему” means “to be bound by an oath to Chur”
|| To agree about something and “to bind” a promise by an oath to Chur
|| A verb “чураться чего/кого” (to protect oneself from somebody/something by means of Chur), in Southern and Western regions: to avoid, do not love, do not want, to hate. “Чураюсь я его, бегаю, удаляюсь, ненавижу” – “I avoid him, keep off him, move away from him, I hate him”. “Чуранье” is a verbal noun describing an action with an exclamation “Chur!”. “Чуратель (masculine gender), чурательница (feminine gender)” are nouns denoting a person exclaiming “Chur!”, “чурала” is said about the one who did/take something in the name of Chur. “Чуровуй” concerns a chur. If it is right, that it is said “чурить” (a verb) here and there in Siberia instead of “чурать”, then, probably, “чурила”, “чурилья” (nouns) descend from it. A verb “чуроваться” (Kazan region) means “to use a spell/an incantation in the name of Chur”. A verb “чурукать” in Voronezh region means “чурать” (to shout "chur!"” stipulating what you want) and “чураться” (to avoid).
|| Verbs “чурукать”, “чурюкать” in Voronezh and Kursk regions mean: “to chirp”, “to chirr”, so “чурюкан” (a field-cricket) is originated from it; “to shout “chur!” about a find”. “Насилу отчурался от него” – “I got rid of him with difficulty” (literally: “I got rid of him only owe to Chur”). “Мы с ним почурались” – “We made a promise to each other in the name of Chur”. “Перечурай” – “Over again”. (Vladimir I. Dhal “The explanatory dictionary of alive Great Russian language”. T. IV. M., 1955)

***

Chur (Tsur/tzur (pronounced as “tzoor”)) - an ancient God of the hearth, preserving borders of land possessions-boundaries. He was asked about preservation of boundaries on fields. Nowadays the word "chur" is also used as a prohibition. He is appealed during fortune-telling, games etc. (“Chur menya!”). Chur consecrates the proprietary right (“Chur moyo!”). He determines quantity and quality of required work. (“Cherez chur!”). A churka is a wooden image of Chur. Chur is an ancient mythical being. Chur is one of the most ancient names given to one of Slavonic house Penates, i.e. to the fire flaring in the hearth, to the protector of patrimonial property. The Byelarussians say that each master has his own Chur - the god preserving borders of his land possessions; they raise earthen mounds on boundaries of plots fencing them with palisade, and nobody will dare to dig such a mound for fear of enraging the deity.

***

Modern researchers see in the word "chur" the meaning of a magic circle that evil spirits cannot cross (hence "zachurat’sya" (to shun danger) – namely “draw a circle around oneself”). So, the expression “Chur, it is mine!” could be accompanied by drawing out a magick line of own property or even, being pronounced as a spell, and replace this action.

***

Chur is a deity of frontier marks favouring acquisition and profit in Slavonic mythology. His symbols are chocks and blocks, i.e. land marks.

***

Chur (Shchur) is a God-patron of a kin, a protector of borders of the kin’s possessions in Slavonic mythology.

***

"Chur" is an Ancestor. “Chur menya!” means literally “the Ancestor, protect me!”.

***

Noted by translator:
A word “chur” in Sanskrit has the following meanings:
1. to cut off , cut , incise , etch {churayati} (compare with a Russian verb “вычурать” (vychurat’) – to make “vychury” (“вычуры” - tracery, ornamentation, adorning) by means of carving, sewing, painting). A noun “churi” in Sanskrit means “a knife”, “a dagger”.
2. to strew or sprinkle with (instr.)
3. to abandon , throw away (compare with “чураться” – to avoid smb/smth, keep off smb/smth, move away from smb/smth, and to protect oneself from smb/smth by means of Chur).

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